Starting a Vegetable Farm – Sample Business Plan Template PDF

Interested in small vegetable business ideas? If YES, here is how to start a vegetable farm with no money and no experience. How much does it cost to start up?

How to Start a Vegetable Farming Business

Do you have interest to start a vegetable farm in your community? Vegetables are consumed by so many people on a daily basis because of it nutritious value. Because of this, vegetable farming is one very lucrative agricultural business that any wise entrepreneur should consider venturing into.

If you have not consider the thought of starting a dry season vegetable farming business before, in this post I will be sharing with you how to start a vegetable farm business and become successful in it.

To bring clarity to this discussion, I want to first share with you what a vegetable farm is.

What Is a Vegetable Farm? – Vegetable Farming Profit Per Acre

A vegetable farm is a type of farm or land where vegetables are cultivated for the consumption of man, either for commercial or private use.

Back then, vegetable cultivation by man was not as easy as it is now. Farmers had to go through manual labor in order to grow their vegetables. But as time went on, Animals were used to reduce the hard work of this vegetable cultivators e.g. using those animals to plough the farm for cultivation.

Now, farming processes are fast with the introduction of mechanized equipment, and the usefulness of those animals have reduced greatly.

Types of Commercially Consumable Vegetables

There are lots and lots of vegetables worldwide, if I should start mentioning them one by one, I don’t think this post will have an end. And again, not all of this vegetables are recognized and widely consumed, so starting a farm with such vegetables may not be profitable.

So, with that said, let us check out some of the vegetables known and highly demanded for in any market:


I am starting with tomato because it is one of the most consumable vegetables. Cultivating Tomatoes can be very amazing and profitable, as it requires just 8 hours of sunlight with a warm clear weather. And did I forget to say that it is harvested 3-4 months?  Making it awesome for cultivation.

Fluted Pumpkin

This is another most consumed vegetable in any community as it is used to prepare lots of dishes. Fluted pumpkin is highly valued because of its high nutrient contents when cooked, and also good in blood volume increase when taken raw.

This vegetable is easier to cultivate no matter where you reside because of its tolerance to drought, and also performs well even on poor soils.


This type of vegetable is often consumed raw. It is also used by cosmetic companies to combat skin problems, due to the fact that it has the same level of hydrogen content with the human skin. So the high demand of cucumber by this cosmetic companies makes cultivating it profitable.

Cultivation of cucumbers should be in a rich soil with enough organic matter and a steady sunlight.

Water Melon

Water melons are also regarded as fruits which is consumed by people very well. Water melons should be cultivated on a warm soil to enhance the growth of the seeds. And water melons do not take a long time to be harvested, it takes just 3 months to be harvested.


You can’t start a vegetable farm without thinking of planting cabbage in your farm. Yes!  Cabbage is a popular vegetable used in the preparation of Salads, and that makes it popular. People also use it in various ways, some like taking it raw, while others love adding it to dishes etc.

The only downside about this vegetable is that it is expensive compared to other vegetables. This is because more effort is required to cultivate it. Cabbage performs well in cold climates, well drained, and on a fertile soil.


Okra is an edible green-pod vegetable with a high nutrient content. It contains vitamin A, vitamin K, vitamin C and vitamin B complex. In as much as it could be grown on any kind of soil, it does not do well in tight, water logged soils.

After going through that list above, you may start thinking of how to kick-start your own vegetable farm. But before starting your own vegetable farm, there are some factors you need to consider.

Vegetable Market Development

We all know that vegetables are perishable crops, so after knowing that these vegetables are perishable crops, you need to plan on how to avoid losing them by identifying where you will market this vegetables, before there are finally ready for the market.

Site Location

Considering the site location of the farm includes knowing the topography of the soil you intend to use, the soil type and also find out the availability of water, because these vegetables needs water to help them grow well. And also find out how close your farm is to the market.

Disease/Pest Control

As it is known, vegetables are always attacked by pests and seasonal diseases. So, you need to put things in place on how you are going to combat any disease or pest when it comes.

Startup Capital for a Vegetable Farm

You can’t start a vegetable farm without capital. You may want ask how much it will cost you to start your vegetable farm.

The fact is, there is no written rule as to how much you need to start up a vegetable production business as this greatly depends on how large you want your vegetable farm to be.


Cultivating a 1-2 hectares of land varies in cost depending on the location, and also the type of vegetable intended for cultivation. And that should include seedlings, manure, labor and pesticides.

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