Starting a Chicken Egg Hatchery – Sample Business Plan Template PDF

Interested in small chicken hatchery business ideas? If YES, here is how to start a poultry egg hatchery business with no money and no experience. How much does it cost to startup?

How to Start a Poultry Hatchery Business

Starting a chicken hatchery business is not as tedious as it seems. It is a very good agribusiness to get into. Chicken and eggs are largely consumed by many people around the world as a staple protein, that is why it is advisable to learn how to start a chicken hatchery business if you want a regular source of income.


If you have capital and you have been looking for a profitable business to invest in, you could start a chicken hatchery business as it is very lucrative. Even if you don’t have the experience or expertise, it doesn’t take too much time to learn about it.


What you Need to Start a Chicken Hatchery Business

To start a chicken hatchery business, you’ll need;

  • A business plan
  • Capital
  • Space (land)
  • Equipment
  • Knowledge of the business or experience
  • Reliable supplier
  • Consistent water supply and electricity

Step 1: A Hatchery Business Plan 
This is the first requirement to starting a successful chicken hatchery business or any business at all. You will need to create a proper business plan after doing your research about the business. This chicken hatchery business plan will serve as a guide in the running of the business. Aside from that, it can also be used to request for a loan from financial institutions.

Step 2: Capital
You have to buy land, equipment, eggs, and attend a training if you are new to the business as the business demands specific skill. The amount of capital you will need will depend on the size of the chicken hatchery business you want to start. Starting a chicken hatchery business requires a huge capital investment. So, you may need to seek for loans to get started if you are short of the needed cash. This is where your business plan comes to play. As far as your business plan is well written and explains in detailed what the investor needs, satisfies the investor, you are certain to get your loan request granted.

Step 3: Space (Land)
The land is crucial to this business, but not just any land. If you’re buying land make sure it is a higher ground. The poultry shed requires enough of space for the birds to be able to move about freely. The chicken hatchery business needs at least 2500 sq. ft. Get a place devoid of pollution with lots of fresh air. It should also have a proper drainage system. Make sure everything is well set up, from where the equipment will be kept, to where the chicks would stay. It shouldn’t be cramped.


Step 4: Equipment
You can’t do without equipment if you want the business to run smoothly. These are the equipment you will need;

  • Automatic egg hatcher
  • Brooder, feeder, waterer
  • Egg Debreaker
  • Egg tester (electric)
  • Egg setter
  • Weighing balance
  • Generating set
  • Air conditioner
  • Refrigerator
  • Bowls, trays, buckets, baskets
  • Veterinary instruments

Step 5: Knowledge About the Business
If you do not have any previous experience, you could go for training or take courses. However, if you do have experience, you can still go for a mini-seminar to brush up your skills and expertise. Alternatively, if you know someone into the business, you can visit and talk to them so they can educate you about the business and how to go about it.


Step 6: Reliable Supplier
Whether you intend to buy eggs or chicks, getting it from the right source is important. Purchase your eggs and chicks from reputable farmers. This helps to sustain your chicken hatchery business in the long run because you are going to produce quality livestock.

Step 7: Consistent Water Supply and Electricity
Some of the equipment you will be using for the business will require constant power supply to function continuously. Adequate and clean water supply is essential. Change their drinking water frequently to prevent them from falling sick.

After buying your day old chicks. Feed and care for them properly till they get to the laying stage. When they have laid the eggs, take it to the hatchery department. Clean the eggs. Separate the cracked eggs, and remove the unfertile eggs. Find out if the eggs are suitable for hatching. Keep them in an air-conditioned room to reduce the temperature to make it suitable for hatching. When the temperature has been brought down, put the eggs in the egg setter incubators. Leave them in the incubators for 18 days, by the end of the 18th day, keep the eggs in the holder incubators and incubate them for 3 days. This makes a total of 21 days. After 21 days, your chicks are ready to hatch- they break the shells and come out. Such a beautiful sight to behold!

Now that you know what it takes to start a chicken hatchery business, it wouldn’t be a bad idea to start. Chicken is in huge demand and it has a wide market. You can start your chicken hatchery business locally by supplying to poultry farmers who rear chicks (growers). When poultry farmers in your vicinity know they can get quality chicks and eggs from you, they’ll keep coming back and your business will grow. Knowing how to start a chicken hatchery business is not enough, other factors like proper planning, management and care of the livestock are equally important. Investing in the right equipment makes it easier to run the business and minimizes losses.


You cannot do it alone. Hiring the right staff who are exceptional in their various roles will be of great benefit to the chicken hatchery business in the long run. Make it a point of duty to be knowledgeable about the various aspects of running a chicken hatchery business and watch your business grow in leaps and bounds.

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