Interested in small poultry farming in Nigeria ideas? If YES, here is how to open a poultry farm business with no money and no experience. How much does it cost to open one?
Poultry Farming In Nigeria – Broiler Production, Egg production , Feed Formulation
Starting Poultry Production In Nigeria – Starting A Chicken Farm For Layers, Broiler And Cockerels
Poultry farming in Nigeria is one the wisest decision any investor interested in farming business can make. With the right information and technical know how, you can start your own poultry farm and make millions annually. This agriculture investment idea is so lucrative that it attract a wide range of people from different walks of life and especially retirees. You should understand that learning how to become a chicken farmer requires dedication.
How To Start A Poultry Farm In Nigeria- Steps Involved In Poultry Farming
==> Poultry farming business provides a steady source of income for poultry farmers and people who are involved in poultry production such as farm hands, veterinarians, animal health specialists, feed millers and builders of poultry housing.
Information And Requirements For Poultry Farming
==> This business opens up other investment doors for manufacturers of poultry farming equipments, importers and producers of poultry feed, battery cage producers and suppliers, poultry feed mills, producers and distributors of poultry drugs and vaccines etc
==> Poultry meat is a rich source of protein for the human production. Asides this, poultry products and byproducts such as eggs, feathers, dung, offals are source of income for people who consume or use them as raw materials in industries.
How To Build/Establish A Poultry Farm
==> Broiler Bird Production: A broiler is produced for meat. It matures fast and can attain average weight of 2-2.5kg within 7-8 weeks. If your production is targeted at festive season especially Christmas, please go for this. Broiler farmers make money from chicken meat for sale in Nigeria
==> Cockerel Bird Production: Cockerels are also produced for meet. Its growth is slower and may take up to 20weeks+ to attain marketable weight.
==> Layer Bird Production: Poultry egg production in Nigeria involves the raising of pullets which produces eggs that is made available for sales. Take note that this eggs are normally infertile. Most layers start laying at around 18-22 weeks and can lay for up to a year and a half when they are sold off as old (spent) layers.
==> Breeder Bird Production: Eggs from breeder birds are incubated in hatcheries and eggs hatch to produces day old chick that can grow into either pullets (layers) or broiler birds.
Poultry Business In Nigeria
Land is one of the most important asset in poultry farming business. This is where you build your pen. Make sure you look for a piece of land far from residential quarters. Odour from poultry waste can cause issues between you and your neighbors. Ensure the land topography is flat and the soil is not too muddy or rocky. When building your poultry pen, make sure you consult a seasoned specialist. This is because a single mistake in poultry housing design can destroy your investment.
There are different designs available depending on the type of poultry production you are interested in. Poultry pen should be constructed along the East-West horizon. This will ensure that your pen does not suffer long duration of high temperature during the day. Constructing against the wind may result in too low temperature and the rapid spread of formites that may transmit diseases.
Correct stocking density in battery cage and deep litter system is important as this prevent overcrowding which can lead to tramping, increased competition for food and water, suffocation, pecking and rapid spread of disease. Make sure you get your day old from reputable hatcheries like Zartech, CHI, Obasanjo and Amo farms. I always recommend that Poultry farmers start small. This is because along the line you can learn from your mistakes. Even though it is safe to start with some weeks old broiler birds and point of lay as a newbie, it is better to learn how to brood yourself.
Cost of poultry feeding carries a major share of your total cost of production. Before you dive into this investment, it is good that you calculate and project the funds needed to feed your birds till when they are ready for the market. For instance at adult stage, 250-300 birds will finish one 25kg bag of feed daily. Adequate planning will not make you get stranded and end up starving your birds. Feeding good quality poultry feeds and clean water is important to the growth and health of your birds.
Formulation of poultry feed can help lower cost associated with high price of ready-made feeds. If you can get a very good poultry feed formula as well as a standard poultry feed mill that does not use adulterated poultry feed ingredients, you are good to go. It is important that you get adequate number of drinkers and feeders for your birds. The height of these containers must not pose stress to them. In battery cage system, make sure you examine nipples routinely to ensure that none is blocked, clean feeder trays and drinker pipers regularly.
Observe your birds frequently for any diseases signs. These include: lack of appetite, clustering, weight loss, discharges from eyes, beaks and nose, faeces-pasted vent, change in consistency and colour of faeces, gaping, difficulty in breathing, reduction in egg production, swollen or discoloured comb and wattles etc
Maintaining strict biosecurity and hygiene on your poultry farm will go a long way in protecting your birds against infection. Provide a foot dip and limit visitors to your farm. Make sure farm hands and equipments are not rotated carelessly among your pen. Spray tires of vehicles coming into your farm. Ensure prompt removal of poultry dung as this can serve as source of bacterial growth and ammonia gas generation on your poultry farm.
Vaccination is also very vital. It should be given as at when due to protect your flock against endemic diseases. Examples include Newcastle Disease Vaccine, Gomboro Disease Vaccine, Marek Disease Vaccine, EDS Vaccine, Buy vaccines from reputable outlets to sure that the cold chain has been preserved. Let trained personnel handle the administration of drugs and vaccines.
Poultry Business In Nigeria- Success Tips
You need to put in place effective marketing strategy to succeed in poultry farming business. Many poultry farmers in Nigeria lose millions during egg glut when they can’t get market for their eggs. Extensive market survey will influence how large you want to produce so you can easily sell off your poultry birds and products. Ensure you grow a huge list of middlemen who will help distribute your produce in case one disappoints you. Source for outlets for your broiler birds such as eateries before you commence production at all. The profitability of broiler production in Nigeria is undeniable. If your are going into layers production, take your time to conduct intensive feasibility study on poultry egg production business in Nigeria.
Profitability Of Poultry Farming In Nigeria
Record keeping is a core essential to make it big and easily to assess the profitability of your poultry business. Keeping records will help guard against pilfering and theft on your poultry farm. You can easily know when there is problem with bird performance from indices such as daily number of crates produced and average boiler weight gain.
If you need the list and location of the major poultry farms in Nigeria including those close to your neighborhood, contact me – Poultry Farmers Nigeria
For free download sample of chicken/poultry business plan in Nigeria template: Download feasibility study on poultry farming in Nigeria.