Interested in small milk business ideas? If YES, here is how to open a milk distribution business with no money and no experience. How much does it cost to start up?
STARTING A MILK DISTRIBUTION BUSINESS
Are you interested in how to start a milk distribution business from home? Let’s talk about Dairy first. Dairy farming is a class of agricultural business, or an animal husbandry, enterprise, for long-term production of milk, usually from dairy milk but also from goats and camels. A dairy product is food processed from the natural milk of mammals; and milk (products) happens to be one of them.
Others milk consumption products includes butter and cheese. Daily man’s need for dairy products is met extensively from milk produced by cows, horses, camels, water buffaloes, goats, sheep, yaks, domestic buffaloes etc.
Milk Delivery Business Plan
Milk is defined as a white nutritious liquid that is secreted by animals of mammalian origin and consumed as food by man. Raw milk is processed before consumption. These raw constituents (in dairy cattle) includes the percentages of the following: 87.2% water, 3.7% milk fat, 3.5% protein, 4.9% lactose, and 0.9% ash.
Milk is gotten in mammals as a raw products that needs to undergo sterilization before consumption. Microorganisms such as bacteria, debris and any sediment that may be present in the raw milk are removed through the process known as pasteurization.
There are about seven (7) known processes of milk production. These are: Collecting, Separating, Fortifying, Pasteurizing, Homogenizing, Packaging and Cleaning.
Milk is a perishable commodity therefore usually processed locally within couple of hour it is collected. Mechanical vacuum milking machines are used to milk dairy cows. This raw milk is held into refrigerated bulk milk tank where it is left to cool for about 4.4oC.
Separating involves it (raw milk) passing through either a clarifier or a separator-which aids in removing these bacteria, debris and the sediments mentioned above. Separator has its own job of separating the heavier milk fat from the lighter milk in order to produce both cream and skim milk.
Fortification of milk involves adding vitamins such as vitamins A and D (work done by a peristaltic pump).
Pasteurization on the other hand has to do with piping into a pasteurizer of different milk types (whole, skim and standardized) to kill any bacteria.
Homogenizing milk involves reducing the size of the remaining milk fat particles-an act which prevents the milk fat from separating and floating to the surface as cream.
This method makes sure milk fat is evenly distributed through the milk. Afterwards, the milk is quickly cooled (to 4.4oC) to avoid tampering its taste.
In packing, the milk is pumped into plastic bottles and paper cartons (sealed), refrigerated (if need be) and ready for consumption and distribution.
TYPES OF MILK
Milk types are known, classified and identified depending on the three standards:
•Amount of milk fat present in the finished product.
•Types of processing involved.
•Type of dairy cow that produced the milk.
So, whole milk known as fluid milk have no less than 3.25% milk fat as required by Food and Drugs Administration (FDA).
Low-fat milk must have 0.5-2.0% milk fat and skim milk must have less than 0.5% milk fat.
Most milk sold in the market is pasteurized, homogenized and vitamin-fortified.
Furthermore, other types of milk includes, fat free milk, organic milk, lactose-free milk, reduced fat-milk and condensed milk.
Moreso, milk is used in the production of other beverages and edible commodities like yoghurt, ice cream, flour, cornflakes, etcetera.
Many leading milk manufacturing plants exists, each joining hands to ensure safe milk delivery and distribution of the product.
Some of Nigeria Milk Dairy products Manufacturing Companies are:
•Fan Milk Plc
•Fries Land Campian (WAMCO Nigeria plc)
•Givanas Nigeria Limited
•Nestle Nigeria Plc
•Promasidor Nigeria Limited
•Carnco Food Nigeria Limited
•Viju Industries Limited.
HOW TO BECOME A MILK DISTRIBUTOR
In Milk Distribution Business, there are some proven successful tips and strategies that will enable unfathomable and long-lasting business.
REQUIREMENTS FOR MILK DISTRIBUTION BUSINESS
➡Make sure you have what it takes to lead a manufacturing business:
This could be finance, business competence, inter-relationship ability, marketing strategies e.t.c.A person with little or no possession of the above listed factors may lack power of adequate productivity as well as distribution. Moreover, your time is required for proficient milk delivery and distribution business.
➡Location: Where can labour market related to your produce be located?
The measure of your income requirements is directly proportional to the location of your milk distibutor business. Is it located where customers can access you as fast as possible Or is it around the bush? Is it an environment where electricity is channeled? Don’t get caught by not having enough access to electricity.
➡ Milk Marketing/Selling Majors: It is imprudent to restrict yourself to regions-to-shops, poll-to-post, street-to-market to sell nowadays. As a milk distributor, take merit of the internet, blog, social network, and get a professional website to sell from, stores on eBay, Amazon and the other available online trading options.
Meet your customers online, bargain and supply your products as a producer. Nonetheless, your company and product should be recognized by national and international (if possible) stores.
TIPS PLUS SKILLS TO GET STARTED A MILK SHOP BUSINESS
✔Have enough employees coordinate to ensure required distribution in India and other nations of the world. This would ensure finishing of job easily and quickly.
✔Develop confidence in you, your produce and employees.
✔Any type of milk selling business is illegal if they don’t have business permit. Check most milk distribution business for sale
This entails that business permit is required to know the type of milk to buy and sell. Then, you as a producer/distributor, can now find the seller and buyer of the milk.
✔Be sensitive to innovation.
✔Vehicles (to some extent) are required for easy distribution.
✔Knowledge of your market.
✔Exhibit good sense of will power (self command).
✔The ability to multitask keeps you going.
✔Be analytically minded and have a good grasp of accounts.
In conclusion, milk distribution business is related to the dairy product called milk, therefore, you should have a conversation with children and some people that takes milk for initial survey.
You should know what flavour and type of milk they prefer is important. This is a vital information when developing a milk shop business plan. The success of every milk distribution business lies in the hand of the producer/manager of the business in question, thereby introducing hardwork backed up with determination.