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How to Start Haulage Business In Nigeria
Do you want plan starting a trucking or haulage business in Nigeria as well as setting up haulage logistics companies? Are you in need of a business plan or proposal on haulage business?
Haulage means the transportation of goods from one part of the country to the other. Haulage services is rendered using vehicles that is capable of lifting much quantity of goods at a time. Such vehicles are: tankers, trailers, cranes, tippers, trucks, etc.
Some of the products that can be transported through haulage services are: Petroleum products such as Kerosene, Liquefied natural gas, Premium motor spirit, Engine oil, Diesel, and any other related petroleum products. Consumer goods from the manufacturing companies. All consumable goods such as foods and drinks from the manufacturing plants to the distribution or retail destination.
Sand and stones from the dredging sites and quarry sites to the construction sites. Building materials such as cements, woods, irons, ceiling boards, corrugated sheets, and
every other construction materials of these kinds. Containers from the seaport to the final destination or from destination to the seaport.
Often times, I smile when I read about what people post about haulage business especially in a country like Nigeria. Some people just wake up one day and decide to invest into haulage without learning the technicalities involved.
Many investors are lured into this business by haulage managers who promise them outrageous weekly or monthly returns from their trucks.
Ensure you have answered the following questions before going into haulage business in Nigeria:
==> What type of truck is good for petroleum and goods haulage?
==> What features/qualities do you look for in a vehicle to be used for haulage?
==> How to employ a driver for haulage business?
==> How do you tackle the problems of driver and mechanic?
==> Where and how do you get haulage jobs often?
==> List of haulage companies that pays well in Nigeria
==> How much does most haulage company pay daily, weekly and monthly as returns in Nigeria?
Different types of haulage trucks used for haulage business include dump truck (tipper), flatbed truck, container box truck, tanker truck.
Any truck you decide to buy must be strong enough for our bad roads and maintenance must be cheap. The spare parts should be affordable and readily available. Please avoid Nigerian used trucks if you don't want to kill your business. I recommend you go for new or Grade A one Tokunbo Mack, Iveco, DAF, MAN and Scania trucks. The engine must be in very sound condition as well as the injector.
From my experience, DAF 95 truck is good if the back is going to be container body as it travels fast, is durable, does not consume too much fuel as well as parts and mechanic are available.
The contribution of drivers to the success of haulage business cannot be over emphasized. Drivers are indispensable. You should take your time to hire a driver with the right mentality. Some driver can sell off your drunk and run away, connive with truck mechanics to replace good parts with bad ones, sell part of the goods/petrol/diesel on the journey or lie that the truck is faulty. Verify your driver's contacts and address. Let his guarantor know the implication of what he/she is doing.
How to Start Haulage Business in Nigeria
When I was a little boy travelling with my parents, I have always wondered why we passed so many trucks, trailers and tippers on the road. Sometimes, they carried drinks, sometimes stones, sand, some were covered with me having no idea of what was in them.
One day I asked my dad, “Dad, how come there are always so many huge vehicles on the road? Sometimes they cause traffic and other nuisances on the road”. He said, “my dear, that is haulage, lots of goods and other products are being transported from one place to the other every single day!”
Wow! I thought to myself, everyday? So, many goods transported and so much money to be made. From my young age till now, the haulage business has continued to thrive, with new factories popping up everywhere in Nigeria, petrol stations, new houses under construction, and so much more, the services of haulage company’s/haulage drivers are always in constant need.
Haulage business in Nigeria involves so much more than moving goods from one place to the other. Firstly, there are different types of haulage business in Nigeria as well as different vehicles needed for each type and if you are interested in haulage business in Nigeria, you need to firstly define what your niche are and select any these types. The different types include:
• Tippers Haulage
This is the most common type of haulage business in Nigeria. Tippers of different sizes are loaded and used to transport granite or sand from sea to construction industries or building sites in Nigeria.
• Tanker Haulage
Another popular type of haulage business in Nigeria is tanker/petrol haulage. Tankers are used to transport products such as kerosene, diesel, or petrol from oil companies to petrol stations. Since Nigeria is an oil-producing country, it is one type of haulage business in Nigeria that is highly productive.
• Trucks Haulage
This is another common type of haulage business in Nigeria. Different sizes of trucks are used to transport goods, containers or cargo from one destination to the other.
Now, you know the different types of haulage business in Nigeria, how then do you go about starting yours? Here are some ways…
START YOUR OWN HAULAGE COMPANY
One way to go into haulage business in Nigeria is by starting your own haulage company. This is actually very expensive but you stand to gain millions from it. You will need trucks, tippers crane or tankers depending on the particular type of haulage business you are interested in.
You will also need good drivers, your own vehicle maintenance specialist and also decide the routes you want to be covering. It is also important to get your company registered.
LEASING HAULAGE BUSINESS
Another aspect of haulage business in Nigeria is leasing haulage. Here you would least your haulage vehicles to companies, construction sites or customers who want to transport stuffs. They would provide their own drivers, diesel and any other thing needed.
You get paid for leasing out your haulage vehicle. This is actually less stressful as you do not need to put in much effort as long as there is a valid agreement between both parties.
MANAGING HAULAGE BUSINESS
Another way to go into haulage business is by being a middleman between haulage companies and customers or haulage companies and drivers. In this type of haulage business in Nigeria, you either provide haulage companies with good drivers or connect customers who want to transport items to haulage companies.
HICCUPS IN HAULAGE BUSINESS IN NIGERIA
There is virtually no business without hiccups and the haulage business in Nigeria is no different. So if you are interested in going into haulage business in Nigeria, you need to consider the following…
The bad roads in Nigeria is one little setback that affects haulage business in Nigeria. This however can be curtailed by having good haulage vehicles, following safer routes (if possible), and ensuring that you properly maintain your haulage vehicles.
The drivers of haulage vehicles are also another hiccup in haulage business in Nigeria. Some drivers are dishonest, unserious or fraudulent. Most drivers are the reason why some haulage companies fail as they are capable of running down and ruining a haulage business in Nigeria.
This can be curtailed by employing peeps you trust, properly interviewing them before handing over your haulage vehicles to them or you could get good managers to help you monitor and control your drivers so your haulage business in Nigeria would not face mishaps as a result of bad drivers
To start your own haulage company requires millions of naira. This is what discourages most people from going into it. The cost of one truck alone ranges from three to twelve million naira and you do not need just one.
However, if you can get the money, either from bank loans or raising it yourself, it is one business in Nigeria that you won’t regret embarking on.
Haulage business in Nigeria remains one of the best business ideas that under good management one would not regret going into it as there is so much money to be made from it.
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