Soap Making Business: How To Make Laundry, Toilet And Medicated Soap; Powdery And Liquid Detergent






1. PRODUCTION OF LAUNDRY SOAP.

As the name implies, laundry soap is the type of soap that is mostly used for cleaning our laundries. It should have good foaming ability in order to clean the cloths properly. It is important to note that there are so many soaps in the market, but with the formulation given below and with good packaging, you can be sure to beat the competition.
Here are the equipments needed for the production
Mixer with stirrer
Casting moulds
Heater
Cutter (knife)
Shaping machine
Stamping machine
Hydrometer
Weighing scale
Measuring container
Packaging materials
Note that these equipments are only required when you want to go into large scale production. For beginners, you can start producing with basic household tools and a few other cheap stuff. You will find these in the video tutorial.

FORMULATION
Chemicals and their Quantity
Caustic Soda 1KG
Palm kernel oil 6 LITRES
Soda ash 0.5KG
Silicate 160 LITRES
Sodium sulphate 160 LITRES
Colourant TO TASTE
Water 4.5 LITRES
Fragrance TO TASTE
Forming agent TO TASTE

PROCEDURE

Prepare the caustic soda solution by dissolving 1kg of caustic soda in 4.5 litres of water; confirm that it was a density of 1275kg/m3. Allow the solution to stand and blend for at least 3 days. Please ensure that you leave them to stand for this time or even more (the longer the better), to avoid your soap being corrosive to the users’ skin and cloths.
Add the soda ash to the caustic soda solution, stirring vigorously until well blended.
Add the colourant to the solution and continue stirring
Add all the palm kernel oil to the mixture and continue stirring vigorously in a clockwise direction only for some time
Add the forming agent and silicate and continue stirring
Add the fragrance and pour into moulds and allow solidification for 24 hours
Stamp, shape and package and you are ready for the market.



2. PRODUCTION OF TOILET SOAP

Toilet soaps are soaps that are mainly used for bathing and as such must be foamy and have very nice fragrance with attractive colouring. It must also feel good on the skin.

EQUIPMENTS REQUIRED
Same as in production of laundry soap

FORMULATION TABLE
Chemicals required and their quantity
Palm kernel oil 3 LITRES
Caustic soda 1 KG
Coconut oil 2 LITRES
Bleached palm oil 1 LITRE
Silicate 1 LITRE
Colourant TO TASTE
Perfume TO TASTE
Titanium dioxide
Glycerine

PROCEDURE

Prepare the caustic soda solution as done in the laundry soap
Pour all the oil into the mixer and start heating
When it is warm, add colourant and mix properly till uniformly blend
Add the caustic soda solution and continue boiling and stirring
When all have blended, add sodium silicate and turn off the heater
When the temperature drops, add the frangrance
Stir slowly and pour into moulds
Allow to harden for 6-8 hours
Shape, stamp and package for the market

With these two tutorials, you can be in serious business. For the production of laundry soap, you need approximately ₦3000 to start up in small scale and you are sure to make between ₦5000 to ₦7000 as returns in less than a week, depending on your market.


3. PRODUCTION OF MEDICATED SOAP

Medicated soap are soaps used for bathing, but also contains additives that helps kill germs and other micro organisms. They can also have other functions like skin toning and age defying agents.

EQUIPMENTS

Same as in the production of laundry soap

FORMULATION TABLE

Chemicals required and their quantities
Palm kernel oil 3LITRES
Caustic soda solution 3 LITRES
Coconut oil 2 LITRES
Bleached palm oil 1 LITRE
Sodium silicate 1LITRE
Colourant TO TASTE
Perfume TO TASTE
Glycerine ¼ LITRES
Tricolans (TCC) 1 TABLESPOON
Borax
Magnesium sulphate

PROCEDURE
Prepare the caustic soda solution as described in laundry soap production above. Ensure that the density of the solution is as stated.
Dissolve magnesium sulphate and borax separately with small amount of water to form paste
Pour the soda ash into caustic soda solution and continue stirring
Add the colourant to the caustic soda solution and stir very well
Pour the oils into the caustic solution mixture and continue stirring vigorously in clockwise direction only.
Add the silicate and continue stirring
Then add glycerine, pink oil, tricolans, magnesium sulphate, borax and fragrance
Continue stirring until all the chemicals have mixed very well
Pour into soap moulds and allow solidifying.
Shape, stamp and package ready for the market



4. PRODUCTION OF POWDERY DETERGENT

Powdery soap are mostly used in the washing of cloth, mopping of floors and many other applications that the user might deem fit. You are advised to ensure that you keep strictly to the formulation.

EQUIPMENTS
Same as in the production of laundry soap plus drier and pulveriser (mesh net)

FORMULATION TABLE
Chemicals and the required quantity
Palm kernel oil or fatty acid 4 LITRES
Caustic soda 1 KG
Soda ash 2 KG
Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) ½ LITRES
Ammonium 30 MILI LITRES (MLS)
Industrial salt (Na2CO3) 150 MLS
Colourant TO TASTE
Perfume TO TASTE
Foaming agent 250 MLS
Sulphuric acid 30 MLS

PROCEDURE
Prepare the caustic soda solution as described in the production of laundry soap and ensure that the density is at the stated value.
Allow to stand for three days (72 hrs) minimum. You can allow it to stand for more than three days if you want but should not use when it is not up to 3 days.
The reason why some powdery detergent is corrosive is because the caustic soda did not blend long enough in water before starting the production process.
Add the soda ash to the caustic soda solution and stir very well until uniformly blended
Pour the palm kernel oil into the mixture and add the colourant while stirring vigorously (only in clockwise direction) till it blends well.
Add the hydrogen peroxide, ammonium, industrial salt, fuming agent and the perfume into the mixture above.
Pour into a dryer for drying or spread under the sun to dry
After drying pulverize or grate and then sieve.
Package into sachets for the market




5. PRODUCTION OF LIQUID DETERGENT

These are very powerful cleaning agent. They are more powerful than the ordinary soap. It can be used for a variety of things ranging from laundry to dish washing. You can start the production with a very small amount of money.

EQUIPMENTS REQUIRED
Mixer, weighing scale, graduated cylinder, stirrer

FORMULATION TABLE
Chemical required and their quantity
CDEA 500 GRAMS
STPP 300 GRAMS
Table salt (Nacl2) 75 GRAMS
SLES 1 KG
Fragrance TO TASTE
Colourant TO TASTE
Water 8.5 LITRES

PROCEDURE
Measure out the required quantity of all the chemicals
Put the SLES into the mixer and add little water to it
Stir to smoothness
To the solution above add 500 grams of CDEA and continue stirring to smoothness. Add water occasionally as the need arise.
Put the STPP in separate water and stir well
Add the STPP solution into the mixer and continue stirring
Dissolve the salt in little amount of water and add to the mixer while continuing stirring
Add the perfume and continue stirring
Package the detergent in the right containers and start smiling to the bank.


These material and chemicals can be easily gotten in every state. To get it easily, just go to a secondary school and ask any of the science teachers or the principal where they buy their laboratory equipments and chemicals (acid, base and salt) from. It is most likely those people will sell these chemicals or know those who sell around.

I know some folks might be saying "well, I don't have money to startup these businesses". Actually, you maybe right and at the same time wrong. You need money to start up a business sure! But you can start up a business using other people's money as well (OPM). A friend has organized a seminar in a polytechnic that fetched him close to 400k without spending a dime. If I mention the name of the school, some people might know. All he did was to present seminar materials and what he had to offer to the school SUG body. They took over from there seeing he had something to offer and did the publicity on his behalf, got a hall for him, provided the sound system and other logistics. He simply went with my crew and did the talking and demonstration. At the end of the day, students paid for the seminar materials, the SUG got their commission, and he went smiling to the bank. You too can start from there.

FOR MARKETING, YOU CAN START WITH YOUR NEIGHBOURHOOD, CHURCH, WORKPLACE, MOTOR PARK, OR HOUSE TO HOUSE MARKETING.
ALSO NOTE THAT YOU WILL NEED NAFDAC APPROVAL TO ADD CREDENCE TO YOUR PRODUCTS.


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